Instrumentation

NeurogridThe Neurogrid board uses 16 of these Neurocore chips to simulate one million neurons with six billion synaptic connections. (Credit: Stanford University)

Over the past decade, nanoscientists have succeeded in pushing the limits of nanoscale instrumentation. Today, researchers can detect the charge and spin of individual electrons and image catalytic reactions that occur within tens of femtoseconds. Recent advances in optical microscopy make it possible to view living biomolecules and other nanoscale objects at sizes once thought impossible to see. Emerging nanoscale implants will play an important role in understanding communication among nerve cells in the brain, while other researchers hope to use the same technology to probe chemical signaling in microbial communities. At the nanoscale, however, scientific instruments must do more than simply measure. They must also manipulate nanostructures, molecules and even atoms. This enables researchers to run controlled experiments, where they hold some structures and properties constant while changing others to see how the alteration changes behavior. Researchers are applying this technique to everything from DNA and proteins to nanotubes and semiconductors. The resulting measurements have altered dramatically our understanding of nanoscale interactions, and have provided new insights into altering material properties. Nanoscale manipulation is also making it possible to combine artificial structures with biochemicals and inorganic materials to create new materials with unusual and desirable properties.

Uniting Diverse Sciences to Tackle the Microbiome

Sep 20, 2016
Dental plaque microbiome

The Kavli Microbiome Ideas Challenge will provide $1 million in grants for innovative tools to investigate how microbes live in complex communities. Three scientists - Tim Donohue, Julie Biteen and Terry Hwa - discuss why it matters.

2016 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience: A Discussion with Gerd Binnig and Christoph Gerber

Aug 20, 2016
Nanographene molecule

Two of the 2016 Kavli Prize laureates – Gerd Binnig and Christoph Gerber – discuss how the ability to see and manipulate single molecules and atoms has changed our view of the nanoscale world.

Why It's Time to Map the Microbiome

Nov 23, 2015
Soil Bacterium

The Unified Microbiome Initiative proposes to unlock the power of the microbial communities that shape our world and influence our health. Janet Jansson, Rob Knight and Jeff Miller talk about why it's urgent.

Spotlight Live: A Call for 'Brain Observatories'

Oct 14, 2015

How should the BRAIN Initiative evolve to unite and synergize the hundreds of individual laboratories it currently funds? Six researchers now propose a national network of neurotechnology centers, or “brain observatories.” Paul Alivisatos, Miyoung Chun, Michael Roukes and Rafael Yuste — four of the paper’s authors — answer your questions about this new idea and how it might affect the future of neuroscience.

UCSD Creates Center for Brain Activity Mapping: Interview with Director Ralph Greenspan

May 19, 2013
Brain

An interview with Ralph Greenspan as the University of California, San Diego announces a new Center for Brain Activity Mapping (CBAM).

Nanotechnology and the Challenge of Building Powerful New Tools for Brain Research

May 15, 2013

To understand the language of the brain, we will need to monitor thousands and then tens and even hundreds of thousands of neurons networked across the brain. Nanotechnology promises to make this – and more – possible.

Disturbing the Nanosphere

Oct 17, 2011
Cornell

Cornell University researchers, including KIC’s J.C. Séamus Davis and post-doctoral fellow Mohammad Hamidian, deliberately create atomic-level disorder in order to probe the workings of heavy fermion compounds. 

Beyond Darwin: Ways to Evolve New Functions

Jun 02, 2011

At a recent Kavli Futures Symposium, nineteen experts from a diverse range of fields discussed the promise of using the lab to understand and exploit the evolution of organisms -- an advance that may one day be used to develop new vaccines or other biotechnology products.

Scaling Up: The Future of Nanoscience

Dec 16, 2010

In advance of the Kavli Futures Symposium, “Plenty of Room in the Middle: Nanoscience – The Next 50 Years,” four participants and extraordinary researchers -- David Awschalom, Angela Belcher, Don Eigler and Michael Roukes -- join in a roundtable discussion.

 

New Tools for Nanoscience

Mar 19, 2010

In nanoscience, researchers are truly limited by the technology of their field. Directors of the Kavli Institute at Cornell for Nanoscale Science, Paul McEuen and David A. Muller, discuss their mission to push the technology of observation, measurement and control to ever-smaller dimensions.

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