The firing pattern of a rat’s grid cell as the animal moves around in a one-meter square box. (Graphic cropped) Credit: Jonathan Whitlock

"My goal in establishing these institutes is to support research at the frontiers of science. I feel that it is especially important to pursue the most far-reaching opportunities and challenges and to seek answers to the most fundamental questions." - Fred Kavli, Founder, The Kavli Foundation

Columbia Logo

Kavli Institute for Brain Science at Columbia University examines the brain at the cellular, molecular, and systems level to understand how the nerve cells of neural circuits connect during development to control behavior, and how these neural circuits perform and are modified by learning and memory. Eric Kandel, M.D. is director; Thomas Jessell and Rafael Yuste are co-directors. Read More


Kavli Institute for Brain and Mind at the University of California, San Diego seeks to discover the physical and biochemical processes that underlie learning, consciousness, memory, emotions and perhaps even political views. Nicholas Spitzer and Fred "Rusty" Gage are co-directors; Ralph Greenspan is associate director. Read More

Yale Logo

Kavli Institute for Neuroscience at Yale University fosters discussion and innovative research among Yale neuroscientists from multiple disciplines, enabling them to contribute novel ideas and approaches in research on cortical evolution, development, organization and function. Pasko Rakic, M.D. is director and David McCormick is vice-director. Read More


Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology seeks to unlock the secrets of memory by studying the neural microcircuits and networks in the hippocampus and associated areas of the brain, where memory is encoded, stored and retrieved. It focuses in particular on the memory of place and direction that underlies our spatial navigation skills. Edvard Moser is director and May-Britt Moser is co-director. Read More