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05/12/2015 - How a jab to the ribs jolts the brain into action

 

May 12, 2015

(Originally published by YaleNews)

A short jab in the ribs instantly arouses a drowsy colleague during a long and dreary work meeting. A new study by Yale neurobiologists describes just what happens in the brain immediately following that jab that allows enhanced information processing. 

An analysis of electrical activity in the visual cortex of a mouse shows that a single puff of air to the back of a resting mouse suppresses extraneous brain activity and allows the animal to focus on the environment. The researchers also found that simple arousal, such as from an elbow to the ribs, can explain much of the alteration of cortical activity that had been previously associated with physical activity.

“This transition to an arousal state can be profoundly disrupted in mental disorders such as autism and schizophrenia, and we want to understand how this mechanism works during healthy states and becomes broken during disease,” said Jessica Cardin, senior author and investigator for the Kavli Institute of Neuroscience at Yale.

Video above: A brief tour through the brain during a transition from quiet to active states. Researchers at Yale University explain how brain activity changes with behavior and what that means for how the brain deals with information about the environment. For more information, see Vinck et al. in Neuron 86(3), http://www.cell.com/neuron/abstract/S....

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